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Peru really has something for everyone – whether it be the almighty ruins of Machu Picchu, the vast biodiverse Amazon jungle, the deserts lining the coast, or the rich history and culture!

Anyone looking to explore the Sacred Valley of the Incas (the heart of the ancient Inca empire and home to the world-famous ruins) will be spending at least a few days in Cusco – the closest city and capital of the Incan Empire.

Plaza de Armas, Cusco
Plaza de Armas, Cusco

But before you write off Cusco as merely a stopover on your way to ancient cities – check out everything this beautiful city has to offer!

Best Time To Visit Cusco

Peak tourism in Cusco occurs between June and September. The temperature hovers around 15°C (60°F) all year long, but rain tapers off during Peru’s winter months.

We recommend visiting in either May or late September – chances of rain are still pretty low, prices in accommodation dip, and there will be fewer people cramming the streets of Cusco and the trails of Machu Picchu.

Sustainable City Guide: Things to do in Cusco, Peru, Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu Inca trail. Photo by Eduardo Zárate via Flickr Creative Commons

And don’t worry – there are still plenty of things to do in Cusco during the shoulder- and off-season!

Top Things To Do In Cusco

Explore the Ancient Incan City, Machu Picchu

No trip to Cusco is complete without visiting Machu Picchu – it is one of the most popular destinations in the world! And while it’s amazing that so many people are interested in learning about the rich Inca history of the area, the oversaturation of tourism is taking its toll on the ruins themselves.

The trails leading to the ruins are steadily being eroded and polluted by the massive uptick in visitor traffic. And while the Peruvian government is doing everything in its power to preserve the ruins – like require a time-slotted ticket to visit – the survival of this ancient city lies in the hands of conscious travelers.

Machu Picchu is one of the most important places to embrace “take nothing but photographs, leave nothing but footprints!”

There are two main ways to access the city. You can either do a multi-day trek or take a train from Cusco to Machu Picchu. The Inca Trail is the most famous of treks, but there are plenty of alternative treks in Cusco that are just as beautiful, and much less impacted by tourism and erosion.

Hike the Epic Moonstone Trail

Our favourite Machu Picchu alternative trail is the Moonstone Trail. It’s a 25-mile trek and it does require you to be in good physical condition. Unlike the Inca Trail, no permit is required for taking this route. Along the way, you’ll be able to see and interact with local communities and usually have the trail completely to yourself.

Sustainable City Guide: Things to do in Cusco, Peru
The Moonstone Trek ends in the dramatic Inca ruins of Ollantaytambo.

Go off the Beaten Track in Choquequirao

Just 30 miles from Machu Picchu, this ancient city wasn’t fully explored until about 40 years ago. This site gets hardly any tourists in comparison to its’ neighbours – partially because it’s only accessible by foot.

Things to do in Cusco, alternative treks
Take an alternative trail and trek to Choquequirao

The trek to Choquequirao takes about 5 days starting in the town of Cachora. We did the guided hike with Apus Peru and had a fantastic time! Check out our full article about this trek here.

Brave the Hike Up Rainbow Mountain

Rainbow Mountain – also called Vinicunca or Montaña de Siete Colores is a 3-hour drive from Cusco. Once reaching the trailhead, it’s a 6 mile, challenging hike each way at high altitude. We recommend acclimating in Cusco for a few days before attempting this hike!

Overlooking Rainbow Mountain, Cusco, Peru
Overlooking Rainbow Mountain, Cusco, Peru

It is especially important to dress appropriately and wear lots of sunscreen for this hike. The weather on Rainbow Mountain can change in the blink of an eye, so make sure to layer up.

Explore the Ruins of Sacsayhuamán

The ruins of this fortress-temple are located just beyond Cusco’s northern city limits and date back to 1100 AD. It was the largest structure built by the Incas during their reign and also one of their most incredible feats of engineering.

Sustainable City Guide: Things to do in Cusco, Peru
Sacsayhuamán Ruins, Peru

The entire fortress encompasses a 12-mile radius and is perfect for those of you who love your ruins with a side of hiking.

Explore Sacred Valley With a Sustainable Tour Guide

The Sacred Valley of the Incas was one of their main settlements during the peak of the Incan Empire. It encompasses all of the aforementioned destinations and many more, such as Pisac, Ollantaytambo, Chinchero, Maras Moray, Calca, and Urubamba.

Sustainable City Guide: Things to do in Cusco, Peru
Sacred Valley, Peru

Acclimatization hack: we recommend doing this tour on your first full day in Cusco. It’s a bit lower-altitude, and spending the day there can help you adjust to the thinner air at higher elevations.

Visit the Maras Salt Ponds

Though located within the Sacred Valley, the Maras Salt Ponds actually predate the Inca Empire. They are an intricate system of small ponds that stagger down the mountainside and are incredible to behold. Each individual pool is owned by a local family and the salt is still hand-collected, bagged up, and sold locally. It’s also shipped worldwide and the salt is said to have massive healing properties that are wonderful for people with hypertension.

Sustainable City Guide: Things to do in Cusco, Peru
Maras Salt Ponds, Sacred Valley, Peru

Wander Through Barrio de San Blas in Cusco

If you’ve only got time to do a little bit of exploring within the city of Cusco, this neighbourhood is a must-see. It’s primarily composed of pedestrian-only streets, filled with artisanal shops, quaint cafes, and provides some of the best panoramic views of the city.

Sustainable City Guide: Things to do in Cusco, Peru
Barrio San Blas at dusk. Photo by Jorge Láscar via Wikimedia Commons

Find Handmade Treasures at Cusco Markets

One of our favourite things to do in Cusco is to wander through the outdoor markets that can be found all around the city.

Sustainable City Guide: Things to do in Cusco, Peru
Handmade treasures abound in Cusco’s outdoor markets

If visiting markets is also your thing, then check out this list of the best food and flea markets throughout Cusco!

Where to Stay in Cusco

Whether you are looking for budget options or a luxurious holiday, there are Cusco hotels to fit every budget and type of traveler wish list! Here are a few eco-friendly options throughout the city and region:

Casa Andina

Casa Andina has several locations all around Cusco, each hotel providing a beautiful, unique experience. Your stay also helps the hotels donate to local nonprofits.

Ecopackers Hostel

Ecopackers Hostel has super affordable private room options and state that they have a “role as managers of social responsibility and sustainable tourism.”

Inkaterra La Casona

Inkaterra La Casona is a serene oasis in the middle of bustling Cusco. They’re one of the first eco hotel chains native to Peru and are dedicated to both environmental and social sustainability projects.

Sustainable City Guide: Things to do in Cusco, Peru
Courtyard at Casa Andina Koricancha, Cusco

Where to Eat and Drink in Cusco

There plenty of places to eat and drink in Cusco, offering everything from traditional Peruvian food to Italian. Vegetarians and vegans are also catered for with a handful of incredible eco-friendly restaurants in Cusco:

Greens Organic

Greens Organic offers a great selection of vegan, vegetarian and gluten-free options and is located right in the city center.

Things to do in Cusco, Greens Organic
Colourful gnocchi. Photo courtesy of Greens Organic

Green Point Vegan

Green Point Vegan has been reviewed as the “best place for vegans in Cusco!” They have a great set lunch menu for about $4 which includes a soup, a salad, a main meal, drink, and dessert. 

Organika

The ingredient list for almost everything on the Organika menu is from The Sacred Valley. It’s all about providing healthy, organic, and sustainable food and even has its own vegetable garden.

Cusco restaurants, Organika
Colourful salads at Organika, Cusco. Photo courtesy of Organika

For even more Cusco restaurant options, check out this awesome list of the best vegetarian spots in Cusco.

How Much Time Do You Need in Cusco?

Most people (unfortunately) only spend a day or two in this bustling town, and solely use it as a jumping-off point for Machu Picchu. But there are so many things to do in Cusco and the surrounding Sacred Valley – it deserves at least a week!

Have you had the pleasure of visiting Cusco, Peru? Share your travel tips for Cusco in the comments below.

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